№ 2 (2) - 2019
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESPONSE INDICATORS OF MUNICIPAL FIRE SERVICE DIVISIONS AND OTHER TYPES OF FIRE SERVICE
Vladimir V. Kharin – Head of Department; Andrey A. Kondashov – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Leading Researcher; Evgeny V. Bobrinev – Candidate of Biological Sciences, Leading Researcher; Elena Yu. Udavtsova – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The tasks of municipal fire service are considered. A comparative analysis of the response indicators of municipal fire service divisions and other types of fire service is carried out. There have been identified a number of problems that prevent the municipal fire service divisions from effective solving the problem of saving people and property in case of fire. It is shown that the risk of death in city fires, which are extinguished by divisions of municipal fire service, is 86 % higher than at the extinguishing by FPS GPS divisions. In rural areas this index is less and makes 34 %. As for the risk of injury of people during fire extinguishing in cities by the municipal fire service divisions is 8 % higher than by FPS GPS. In rural areas, respectively, the difference in the magnitude of the risk of death is slightly higher and makes 10 %.
DETERMINATION OF THERMAL EXPANSION CHARACTERISTICS OF INTUMESCENT MATERIALS
Yury K. Naganovsky – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Leading Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The description of installation model is presented as well as the brief methodology for estimation of parameters of heat expansion of fire-retardant coatings and sealants is proposed. The testing of work in form of research of intumescent samples selected from real facilities and objects of certification was carried out at the differential thermal analysis cell DTA-850 of the company Du Pont. The resources of developed installation such as coefficients of linear and three-dimensional thermal expansion, maximum swelling pressure are defined with the help of investigation results of different samples. The modes of heating were chosen. The method for sample preparation as well as the method for installation measurement and testing were developed in the scope of R&D. The capabilities of installation allow using it as mobile (express) control by authorities of GPN directly at facilities as well as by laboratories for control of fire-retardance means at facilities during usage.
METHODOLOGICAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CHECKING THE APERTURE FILLING ELEMENTS IN FIRE BARRIERS
Vsevolod V. Ushanov – Head of Sector; Valery I. Shchelkunov – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Leading Researcher; Sergey T. Lezhnev – Leading Researcher; Kseniya D. Isavnina – Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
In the current regulatory documents on fire safety there are no uniform requirements to installation, maintenance and repair of aperture filling in fire barriers subjected to mandatory licensing.
The article presents methodological recommendations for checking the aperture filling elements in fire barriers of buildings and structures that are developed for inspectors of Federal State Supervision to improve both the quality of control measures (supervision) at objects of protection and fire safety level.
RESULTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF INTERSTATE STANDARDS ON DETERMINATION OF QUALITY INDICATORS OF FROTHERS USED TO PRODUCE FIRE-EXTINGUISHING FOAMS OF VARIOUS PURPOSES
Evgeny V. Baranov – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Deputy Head of Department – Chief of Sector; Evgeny E. Arkhipov – Senior Researcher; Vladimir V. Grishin – Senior Researcher; Sergey N. Kopylov – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Head of Research Center of Automatic Detection and Extinguishing Systems, Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The analysis of the results of the interstate standards development for determining the quality indicators of frothers used to produce fire-extinguishing foams of various purposes is conducted. The contribution of comments and suggestions received from the Gosstandart of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Gosstandart of the Republic of Belarus, Kyrgyzstandart and a number of interested manufacturers of foaming agents was noted.
SOME ASPECTS OF THE PROBLEM OF FALSE CALLS ABOUT FIRE IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Alexander G. Firsov – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Deputy Head of Department; Vitaly I. Sibirko – Chief of Sector; Artem M. Arslanov – Chief of Sector; Ekaterina N. Malemina – Senior Researcher; Marina V. Zagumennova – Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
There is given the list of specialized services which must be available around the clock and free of charge. The types of false calls are provided. This problem is caused by the number of imperfections in the legislation that require comprehensive study. The law enforcement practice of article 19.13 of the Russian Code of Administrative Infraction (hereinafter CAI RF) providing administrative punishment for a deliberate false call to specialized services is analyzed. It is proposed to conduct additional research in terms of financial and economic analysis of the cost of FPS EMERCOM of Russia on false calls. It is recommended to make adjustments to the article 19.13 to toughen the punishment for false call to specialized services.
INFORMATION DESIGN. DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION AND PRESENTATION MATERIALS FOR AVAILABLE PERCEPTION OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE MINISTRY ACTIVITIES
Evgeny V. Valyaev – Chief of Sector; Marina V. Orlova – Senior Researcher; Anton N. Kurennoy – Senior Researcher; Anton B. Kuritsyn – Chief of Department (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
This article presents the problem of promoting the activities of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and delivering various useful information in the most available form.
Large flow of information, various messages and images obstruct understanding and digesting this information. Infographics is a way to make complex things accessible to perception and at the same time convey all the necessary information. By means of infographics it is possible to transform statistics into picture. Also, its use allows to create an accessible information space for people with disabilities.
FIRE DISTANCES BETWEEN OBJECTS OF DIFFERENT PURPOSES. RADIATION FLUXES ASSESSMENT
Alexey S. Baranovsky – Head of Sector; Peter A. Leonchuk – Head of Sector; Stanislav A. Zuev – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Leading Researcher; Valery G. Shamonin – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Leading Researcher, Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The work continues to consider approaches to the justification of fire gap reducing between objects of different functional purposes and is a continuation of publications [1–3]. There is considered the fire in one room of the building. Approximate calculation formulas for the heat flow to the facade of the neighbour building as well as elementary calculation formulas for calculation of angular coefficients are given. Additional information from the literature on the characteristics of the facade torch is presented.
RESTRUCTURE NEED OF THE AGE COMPOSITION OF FIRE TRUCK PARK. INTRODUCTION OF NEW FIRE TRUCK MODELS AT THE FORMATION OF UPDATED PARK STRUCTURE
Vladimir I. Loginov – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Main Researcher; Aleksander I. Pichugin – Head of Department; Vladimir I. Startsev – Deputy Head of Department; Yury S. Kuznetsov – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher; Dmitry G. Michudo – Senior Researcher; Nikolay V. Navzenya – Senior Researcher; Kirill Yu. Yakovenko – Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
Basic fire trucks are an important part of the fire truck park (FT) for fire and rescue operations. This is confirmed by statistical data on the number of FT involved annually in fire-fighting operations. Monitoring of fire protection divisions showed that the FT park by age composition keeps a obsolescence tendency. The analysis of the age FT park composition allows to evaluate the strategy of its renewal. The terms of replacement of outdated mobile fire extinguishing vehicles with new ones in the nearest period till 2025 are shown by age groups. There is presented a number of new FT models to form the composition of the updated park.