No. 3 (Vol. 9) 2021
ANALYSIS OF CHANGES IN REGULATORY AND NORMATIVE LICENSING IN THE FIELD OF FIRE SAFETY
Vladimir A. Sorokin – Chief of Sector; Irina F. Zenkova – Senior Researcher, Candidate of Technical Sciences; Irina O. Vinogradova – Senior Researcher; Oleg I. Fedulkin – Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The article considers the amendments to the fundamental legislative acts of the Russian Federation regulating the activities in the field of fire safety – the Federal Law “On Fire Safety” and the Federal Law “On Licensing of Certain Activities” (hereinafter – the NAP).
There is conducted the analysis of impact of the quality of work and services constituting licensed activities on reducing the damage to life and health of citizens caused by fire, as well as material damage.
There is drawn the conclusion on the reduction of administrative burden on business entities as a result of the implementation of adopted changes. In addition, the updated provisions of NAP enable to create better mechanism for monitoring the compliance of licensees with license requirements. This mechanism allows strengthening the effectiveness of the regulatory functions of the licensing authority.
FIRE SAFETY OF HEAT-TRANSFER AGENTS FOR HEAT GENERATORS
Gennady T. Zemsky – Leading Researcher, Candidate of Chemical Sciences; Leonid P. Vogman – Main Researcher, Doctor of Technical Sciences; Natalia V. Kondratyuk – Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
There are considered the properties of two groups of heat-transfer agents used to reduce the operating temperature and to increase the operating temperature.
The following substances are included in the first group of heat-transfer agents: ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, propylene glycol, glycerin. The following substances are included in the second group of heat-transfer agents: diphenyl mixture, AMT-300 oil, TLV-330 oil, mobileterm-600, dicumylmethane, ditolylmethane, tetrachlorodiphenyl, tetracresyl silicate, naphthalene, triple naphthalene mixture, nitrite-nitrate mixture.
There are cited the physicochemical and fire hazardous properties of the mentioned heat-transfer agents, as well as the list of preventive fire-fighting measures and fire-extinguishing facilities.
LIFE QUALITY OF POPULATION OF THE REGION AND PREVENTION OF NON-ADULT FATALITIES AND INJURIES IN FIRES
Victor I. Iskalin – Leading Researcher, Candidate of Chemical Sciences; Konstantin V. Domrachev – Head of Department; Tamara G. Skibnevskaya – Deputy Head of Department, Candidate of Technical Sciences; Lyubov G. Kondratieva – Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The article considers the proposal to use the Harrington desirability function to normalize indicators reflecting the regions condition in the context of connection between fatalities/injuries of non-adults in fires and life quality of population of the regions and the preventive activities of EMERCOM of Russia territorial authorities. The prospects of such approach are shown.
METHOD FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF FIRE ON BUILDING STRUCTURES WHEN JUSTIFYING SEPARATION DISTANCES OF LESS THAN 6 METERS
Petr A. Leonchuk – Chief of Sector (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia); Roman A. Ivashchuk – Senior Fire Safety Engineer (LLC «Zeldorproekt»); Maksim V. Fomin – Senior Researcher; Maksim M. Rukavishnikov – Associate Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
There are considered the features of normative regulation of separation distances in terms of estimated justification of their values. The necessity of improving the calculation methods mentioned in SP 4.13130.2013 is justified. There is formulated the problem as well as the ways of its solution concerning acceptability of reduction the separation distance to less than 6 m. A brief overview of the capabilities of modeling programs is given. There is concluded the necessity to solve the problem using both numerical methods and by solving the differential equation of thermal conductivity. The possible algorithm for justifying separation distance on the base of the obtained dependencies is presented. There are specified tools for solving the problem of justification of separation distances.
VECTOR OF DEVELOPMENT OF CONTROL AND SUPERVISORY ACTIVITIES OF EMERCOM OF RUSSIA IN MODERN CONDITIONS
Natalia V. Peregudova – Deputy Head of Department; Ekaterina A. Filatova – Associate Researcher; Dmitry A. Chernysh – Associate Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The article analyzes the changes in regulatory legal acts directly related with implementation of activities of federal state fire supervision. There is implemented the explanation concerning reform of control and supervisory activities regulating guarantees for protection of the rights of citizens and organizations. There are also listed the changes for implementation of preventive work. The introduction of indicators list of risk of violation of mandatory requirements is considered.
FIRE AND RESCUE ROBOTICS OF EMERCOM OF RUSSIA AND PROSPECTS OF ITS DEVELOPMENT
Ivan V. Nesterov – Deputy Head of Scientific Research Center – Head of Department; Evgeniy V. Pavlov – Senior Researcher; Vladimir I. Kozlov – Senior Researcher; Olga A. Korenkova – Senior Research; Oksana V. Chirko – Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
he article discusses the formation of robotics in EMERCOM of Russia as well as the use of robotic facilities (complexes) for elimination of the consequences of natural and anthropogenic emergencies during extinguishing large and complex fires.
The authors present an analysis of scientific institutions’ activities over the past 15 years in the field of development of regulatory documents, as well as construction of robotic facilities (complexes) of various classes for responding units of EMERCOM of Russia.
COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR SELF-SELECTION OF EQUIPMENT FOR RESCUE FROM HEIGHT
Maxim V. Vishchekin – Deputy Head of Department – Chief of Sector; Sergey M. Dymov – Senior Researcher; Dmitry Yu. Rusanov – Senior Researcher; Nikita A. Vasiliev – Associate Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The article considers the computer program created to help EMERCOM of Russia employees, designers, persons who are responsible for safety of buildings and structures as well as ordinary citizens who decided to choose and install the equipment for rescue from height at the facility.
PROSPECTIVE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONING OF THE CENTER FOR UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS OF EMERCOM OF RUSSIA
Inessa N. Isavnina – Deputy Head of Department; Yurij N. Osipov – Leading Researcher, Candidate of Military Sciences, Professor; Vladimir I. Yershov – Leading Researcher, Candidate of Military Science, Associate Professor; Nadezda G. Kamenskykh – Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The development of unmanned aircraft system, regardless of its purpose and structural affiliation, involves the concerted efforts of stakeholders (management, scientists and designers, specialists of test complexes, tutors, as well as theoretical and practical instructors for operators of aircraft and their payloads control) to improve the technical characteristics and functionality of unmanned aircraft, as well as to create appropriate competencies among the personnel of operating units. It is obvious that all these measures can be fully implemented within the framework of special centers for unmanned aircraft systems of state or departmental level.
PRACTICAL APPROACHES TO FIRE PREVENTION IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS DUE TO VIOLATION OF RULES FOR GAS EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Pavel P. Kononko – Chief of Sector; Olga D. Ratnikova – Senior Researcher; Nadezhda M. Illarionova – Senior Researcher; Dmitry A. Chernysh – Associate Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
The article provides an overview of regulatory legal acts and specialized regulatory documents on fire safety in the field of rules for gas equipment installation and operation. There is carried out the analysis of operational situation with fires in the Russian Federation due to violation of rules for gas equipment installation and operation. The basic rules for use of household gas appliances are prepared.
2021 IS THE YEAR OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. YAKOV BORISOVICH ZELDOVICH − “A MAN OF UNIVERSAL RESULTS”
Valentina N. Breshina – Senior Researcher; Elena E. Arkhipova – Senior Researcher; Marina G. Zavidskaya – Chief of Sector (FBGU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
ABSTRACT REVIEW OF PATENTS IN THE CATEGORY “RESCUE SERVICE; FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT” ISSUED BY FIPS IN THE SECOND QUARTER OF 2021
Anton B. Kuritsyn – Head of Department; Tatiana N. Zotova – Senior Researcher; Luybov I. Yazykova – Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
EXHIBITION EVENTS WITH PARTICIPATION OF FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM OF RUSSIA IN THE SECOND AND THIRD QUARTER OF 2021
Anton B. Kuritsyn – Head of Department; Sergey M. Zybachev – Deputy Head of Department; Elena G. Yanykina – Researcher; Tatiana N. Zotova – Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE IN THE FIELD OF FIRE SAFETY
Irina G. Lobko – Senior Researcher; Evgenya Yu. Nikolaeva – Senior Researcher; Galina N. Drobysheva – Senior Researcher (FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia)
Abstract review of foreign publications (Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, Vol. 11, Issue 4, 2020)